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Drug Topics National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Details: Learn the facts about commonly used drugs and drug topics. Each drug page includes a brief overview, street and clinical names, the effects of the drug on the brain and body, statistics and trends, and relevant publications and articles written by NIDA researchers and scientists.

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Understanding Drug Use and Addiction DrugFacts National

Details: Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by drug seeking and use that is compulsive, or difficult to control, despite harmful consequences. Brain changes that occur over time with drug use challenge an addicted person’s self-control and interfere with their ability to resist intense urges to take drugs.

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Commonly Used Drugs Charts National Institute on Drug

Details: Many drugs can alter a person’s thinking and judgment, and can lead to health risks, including addiction, drugged driving, infectious disease, and adverse effects on pregnancy. Information on commonly used drugs with the potential for misuse or addiction can be found here.

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Drugs and the Brain National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Details: Drugs, however, can alter important brain areas that are necessary for life-sustaining functions and can drive the compulsive drug use and misuse that marks addiction. NIDA supports a large body of neuroscience research that studies the effects of drugs on the brain and provides clues on how better to manage and prevent substance use disorders.

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Addiction and Health National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Details: Drugs that are misused can cause intoxication, which hinders judgment and increases the chance of risky sexual behaviors, such as condom-less sex. Image Increased risk of motor vehicle accidents: Use of illicit drugs or misuse of prescription drugs can make driving a …

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Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction

Details: Why study drug use and addiction? Use and misuse of alcohol, nicotine, and illicit drugs, and misuse of prescription drugs cost Americans more than $700 billion a year in increased health care costs, crime, and lost productivity.1,2,3 Every year, illicit and prescription drug overdoses cause tens of thousands of deaths (nearly 70,000 in 2018), alcohol contributes to the death of more than

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Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction

Details: Drugs interfere with the way neurons send, receive, and process signals via neurotransmitters. Some drugs, such as marijuana and heroin, can activate neurons because their chemical structure mimics that of a natural neurotransmitter in the body.

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Opioids National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Details: Opioids are a class of drugs that include the illegal drug heroin, synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, and pain relievers available legally by prescription, such as oxycodone (OxyContin ®), hydrocodone (Vicodin ®), codeine, morphine, and many others.Learn about the health effects of prescription opioids and read the DrugFacts on Fentanyl, Heroin, and Prescription Opioids.

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Criminal Justice DrugFacts National Institute on Drug

Details: Another 20% percent did not meet the official criteria for an SUD, but were under the influence of drugs or alcohol at the time of their crime. 1 Decades of science shows that providing comprehensive substance use treatment to criminal offenders while incarcerated works, reducing both drug use and crime after an inmate returns to the community.

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Over-the-Counter Medicines DrugFacts National Institute

Details: Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are those that can be sold directly to people without a prescription. OTC medicines treat a variety of illnesses and their symptoms including pain, coughs and colds, diarrhea, constipation, acne, and others. Some OTC medicines have active ingredients with the potential for misuse at higher-than-recommended dosages.

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Hallucinogens DrugFacts National Institute on Drug Abuse

Details: The effects of dissociative drugs can begin within minutes and can last several hours and include numbness, disorientation and loss of coordination, hallucinations, and increased blood pressure, heart rate, and body temperature. Persistent psychosis and flashbacks are two long-term effects associated with some hallucinogens.

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Marijuana DrugFacts National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Details: Use of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana are likely to come before use of other drugs. 21,22 Animal studies have shown that early exposure to addictive substances, including THC, may change how the brain responds to other drugs.

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Illegal Drugs National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Details: Provides a summary of key points related to women and substance use, including sex and gender differences in substance use and addiction treatment, and how substance use affects a mother and her baby. Describes the latest research findings on cocaine, exploring the scope of abuse in the U.S., its

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Heroin National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Details: Heroin. En español. in English. Image. Photo by DEA. Heroin is an opioid drug made from morphine, a natural substance taken from the seed pod of the various opium poppy plants grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, Mexico, and Colombia. Heroin can be a white or brown powder, or a black sticky substance known as black tar heroin.

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Treatment and Recovery National Institute on Drug Abuse

Details: Can addiction be treated successfully? Yes, addiction is a treatable disorder. Research on the science of addiction and the treatment of substance use disorders has led to the development of research-based methods that help people to stop using drugs and resume productive lives, also known as …

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Drug Misuse and Addiction National Institute on Drug

Details: Parents or older family members who use drugs or misuse alcohol, or who break the law, can increase children's risk of future drug problems. 29; Peer and School. Friends and other peers can have an increasingly strong influence during the teen years. Teens who use drugs can sway even those without risk factors to try drugs for the first time.

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Most Commonly Used Addictive Drugs NIDA Archives

Details: These drugs can also raise blood pressure and reduce blood supply to the heart, as well as cause kidney damage and seizures. Synthetic cannabinoids have a high addictive potential and no medical benefit, so the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has made it illegal to sell, buy, or possess them.

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Impacts of Drugs on Neurotransmission NIDA Archives

Details: Drugs can alter the way people think, feel, and behave by disrupting neurotransmission, the process of communication between brain cells. This article discusses the central importance of studying drugs’ effects on neurotransmission and describes some of the …

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Addiction Medications National Institute on Drug Abuse

Details: Addiction Medications. Several medications have been found to be effective in treating addiction to opioids, alcohol, or nicotine in adults, although none of these medications have been approved by the FDA to treat adolescents. In most cases, only preliminary evidence exists for the effectiveness and safety of these medications in people under

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› Url: https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-adolescent-substance-use-disorder-treatment-research-based-guide/evidence-based-approaches-to-treating-adolescent-substance-use-disorders/addiction-medications Go Now

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Commonly Used Drugs

Details: Many drugs can alter a person’s thinking and judgment, and can lead to health risks, including addiction, drugged driving, infectious disease, and adverse effects on pregnancy. Information on commonly used drugs with the potential for misuse or addiction can be found here.

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› Url: https://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/Commonly-Used-Drugs-Charts_final_June_2020_optimized.pdf Go Now

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What is the scope of prescription drug misuse

Details: Misuse of prescription drugs is highest among young adults ages 18 to 25, with 14.4 percent reporting nonmedical use in the past year. Among youth ages 12 to 17, 4.9 percent reported past-year nonmedical use of prescription medications. 16. After alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco, prescription drugs (taken nonmedically) are among the most

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Inhalants DrugFacts National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Details: Cognitive-behavioral therapy helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs. Motivational incentives uses vouchers or small cash rewards for positive behaviors such as staying drug-free. More research is needed to identify the most effective treatment options for addiction to inhalants.

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Medicines and Drugs: What's Helpful, What's Harmful

Details: module, drugs classified as medicines include the following: aspirin or Tylenol, antibiotics, fluoride, and immunizations. With medicines, however, it is extremely important to follow the dosage prescribed by the health care provider. Taking too much medicine or not enough

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Drug Facts NIDA for Teens

Details: Gives brief descriptions of different types of drugs. Image. How Do Drugs Affect the Brain. Briefly describes how more than 15 different types of drugs affect the teen brain. Image. Alcohol. Teen drinking can put teens' health and safety at risk. Find out how drinking can affect brain development and put teens at risk for alcoholism in the future.

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Common Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs National

Details: Classic Hallucinogens *. LSD (d-lysergic acid diethylamide) is one of the most potent mood- and perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs. It is a clear or white, odorless, water-soluble material synthesized from lysergic acid, a compound derived from a rye fungus. LSD is initially produced in crystalline form, which can then be used to produce

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Quick Reference/Drugs & Health National Institute on

Details: Science of drug use and addiction, including brain development, health consequences, prevention, and treatment; every December NIDA releases the annual Monitoring the Future Survey of teen drug use (8th, 10th, and 12th graders) National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Press Office: 301-443-6245. E-mail: [email protected]

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Other Commonly Used Addictive Substances NIDA Archives

Details: Dissociative drugs cause people to feel out of control or disconnected from their body and environment. Common examples include the following: Ketamine is used as a surgery anesthetic for humans and animals. Because ketamine is odorless and tasteless and has amnesia-inducing properties, it is sometimes added to drinks to facilitate sexual

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Prescription Drug Facts, Effects, Teen Use NIDA for Teens

Details: Yes, prescription drugs that effect the brain, including opioid pain relievers, stimulants, and depressants, can cause physical dependence that could lead to addiction. Medications that affect the brain can change the way it works—especially when they are taken over a period of time or with increasing doses.

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Summary of Misuse of Prescription Drugs National

Details: Misuse of prescription drugs means taking a medication in a manner or dose other than prescribed; taking someone else’s prescription, even if for a legitimate medical complaint such as pain; or taking a medication to feel euphoria (i.e., to get high). The term nonmedical use of prescription drugs also refers to these categories of misuse.

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Research Reports National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Details: Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs Research Report. | En español. February 2015 | Offers the latest research findings on hallucinogens and dissociative drugs, describing what they are, how they are abused, and basic facts about different drugs within this classification of drugs. Image. Research Report.

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What Are Drugs and How to Recognize Them

Details: Prescription drugs are designed to treat a specific illness or condition, but they often affect the body in other ways, some of which can be uncomfortable, and in some cases, dangerous. These are called side effects. Side effects can be worse when prescription drugs are not taken as prescribed or are used in combination with other substances.

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Drug Use Questionnaire NIDA Archives

Details: The following questions concern information about your possible involvement with drugs not including alcoholic beverages during the past 12 months. Carefully read each statement and decide if your answer is "Yes" or "No". Then circle the appropriate response beside the question. In the following statements "drug abuse" refers to:

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DrugFacts Nationwide Trends

Details: Nationwide Trends • January 2014 • Page 2 ! Most*people*use*drugs*for*the*first* time*when*they*are*teenagers.There! were!just!over!2.8!million!new!users!(ini

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What are inhalants

Details: Inhalants are volatile substances that produce chemical vapors that can be inhaled to induce a psychoactive, or mind-altering, effect. Although other abused substances can be inhaled, the term "inhalants" is used to describe a variety of substances whose main common characteristic is that they are rarely, if ever, taken by any route other than inhalation.

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Teachers: Classroom Resources on Drug Effects NIDA for Teens

Details: This interactive activity will help students in grades 7-12 understand how to obtain, analyze, and interpret data. Join NIDA for NDAFW and help share facts about drugs, alcohol, and addiction in your community. Videos explore the effects of drugs on the brain and body.

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If You Have a Problem with Drugs: For Teens and Young

Details: If you feel you are being abused by your parents or caretakers, you should discuss it with your doctor or contact a school counselor. If you are being abused, you can call the National Child Abuse Hotline for help at 1-800-4-A-CHILD (1-800-422-4453). NIDA. 2021, July 27.

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Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction

Details: How Science Has Revolutionized the Understanding of Drug Addiction For much of the past century, scientists studying drugs and drug use labored in the shadows of powerful myths and misconceptions about the nature of addiction. When scientists began to study addictive behavior in the 1930s, people with an addiction were thought to be morally flawed and lacking in willpower.

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Drugs and the Teen Brain

Details: paper after reading “Drugs and the Teen Brain.” 1. What is the importance of the limbic system in the teen brain? Describe two ways this system can make teens more vulnerable to drugs. 2. Explain why a person’s actions during their teen years can have a permanent impact on their life. Use evidence about brain development to support your

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Benzodiazepines and Opioids National Institute on Drug

Details: Combining opioids and benzodiazepines can be unsafe because both types of drug sedate users and suppress breathing—the cause of overdose fatality—in addition to impairing cognitive functions. Unfortunately, many people are prescribed both drugs simultaneously. In a study of over 300,000 continuously insured patients receiving opioid

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Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction DrugFacts

Details: Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences and changes in the brain, which can be long-lasting. These changes in the brain can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who use …

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How do drugs affect your brain

Details: Drugs are chemicals. When someone puts these chemicals into their body, either by smoking, injecting, inhaling, or eating them, they tap into the brain’s communication system and tamper with the way nerve cells normally send, receive, and process information. Different drugs—because of their chemical structures—work differently. We know there are at least two ways drugs work in the brain:

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What treatment and other health services should be

Details: In those addicted to opioid drugs, agonist/partial agonist medications can also help normalize brain function, and antagonist medications can facilitate abstinence. For juvenile offenders, treatments that involve the family and other aspects of the drug abuser

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Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs Research Report

Details: drugs can cause respiratory depression, heart rate abnormalities, and a withdrawal syndrome. The good news is that use of hallucinogenic and dissociative drugs among U.S. high school students, in general, has remained relatively low in recent years. However, the introduction of new hallucinogenic

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Prescription Drugs NIDA for Teens

Details: A visually appealing booklet for students that explains how prescription drugs, like Adderall and Ritalin changes the way the communication Image. What You Need to Know About Prescription Stimulants. In this lesson, students learn about prescription stimulants and the health risks of misusing them.

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Where can I get more scientific information on comorbid

Details: To learn more about substance use disorders and other mental illnesses, or to order materials on these topics free of charge in English or Spanish, visit the NIDA website at www.drugabuse.gov or contact the DrugPubs Research Dissemination Center at 877-NIDA-NIH (877-643-2644; TTY/TDD: 240-645-0228).

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› Url: https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/common-comorbidities-substance-use-disorders/where-can-i-get-more-scientific-information-comorbid-substance-use-disorder-mental-illness Go Now

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Prescription Medications NIDA Drug Pubs

Details: A collection of articles designed to teach students about the harmful effects of drugs on adolescent brain development as well as the health dangers for teens of e-cigarettes. Students will have the opportunity to learn why it is not safe to take medications with other substances. Accompanying teacher's guide …

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How to Recognize a Substance Use Disorder NIDA Archives

Details: All drugs can impair skills necessary for the safe operation of a vehicle, including motor skills, balance and coordination, perception, attention, reaction time, and judgment. Even small amounts of some drugs can have a measurable effect on driving ability.

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› Url: https://archives.drugabuse.gov/publications/step-by-step-guides-to-finding-treatment-drug-use-disorders/if-your-adult-friend-or-loved-one-has-problem-drugs/how-to-recognize-substance-use Go Now

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