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Drugs, Herbs and Supplements: MedlinePlus

Details: Learn about the side effects, dosages, and interactions of prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines, herbs, and supplements.

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Drug Use and Addiction: MedlinePlus

Details: Drug addiction is a chronic brain disease. It causes a person to take drugs repeatedly, despite the harm they cause. Repeated drug use can change the brain and lead to addiction. The brain changes from addiction can be lasting, so drug addiction is considered a "relapsing" disease. This means that people in recovery are at risk for taking drugs

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Drugs and Young People: MedlinePlus

Details: Abused drugs can produce feelings of pleasure. To feel better. Some young people suffer from depression, anxiety, stress -related disorders, and physical pain. They may do drugs to try to get some relief. To do better in academics or sports. Some young people may take stimulants for studying or anabolic steroids to improve their athletic

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Drugs beginning with P: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Drugs: P. p-Hydroxyampicillin see Amoxicillin. P&S ® Shampoo see Salicylic Acid Topical. Pacaps ® see Acetaminophen, Butalbital, and Caffeine. Pacerone ® see Amiodarone. Paclitaxel (with albumin) Injection. Paclitaxel (with polyoxyethylated castor oil) Injection. Pacnex ® see Benzoyl Peroxide Topical.

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Medicines: MedlinePlus

Details: Information for Consumers and Patients (Drugs) (Food and Drug Administration) MedlinePlus: Drug Information (National Library of Medicine) - Information on prescription and over-the-counter medicines and supplements Also in Spanish. Think It Through: Managing the Benefits and Risks of Medicines (Food and Drug Administration) Also in Spanish.

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Drugs beginning with F: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Fluticasone, Umeclidinium, and Vilanterol Oral Inhalation. Fluvastatin. Fluvoxamine. Fluxid ® see Famotidine. Fluzone ® see Influenza Vaccine, Inactivated or Recombinant. FML-S ® (as a combination product containing Fluorometholone, Sulfacetamide) see Sulfacetamide Ophthalmic. Focalin ® see Dexmethylphenidate.

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Morphine: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Morphine extended-release tablets and capsules should not be used to treat pain that can be controlled by medication that is taken as needed. Morphine is in a class of medications called opiate (narcotic) analgesics. It works by changing the way the brain and nervous system respond to pain.

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Hydroxyzine: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Hydroxyzine is also used along with other medications in adults and children as a sedative before and after general anesthesia for surgery. Hydroxyzine is in a class of medications called antihistamines. It works by blocking the action of histamine a substance in the body that causes allergic symptoms. It also works by decreasing activity in

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Sulfasalazine: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Sulfasalazine delayed-release (Azulfidine EN-tabs) is also used to treat rheumatoid arthritis in adults and children whose disease has not responded well to other medications. Sulfasalazine is in a class of medications called anti-inflammatory drugs. It works by reducing inflammation (swelling) inside the body.

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Hyoscyamine: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Hyoscyamine is used to control symptoms associated with disorders of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It works by decreasing the motion of the stomach and intestines and the secretion of stomach fluids, including acid. Hyoscyamine is also used in the treatment of bladder spasms, peptic ulcer disease, diverticulitis, colic, irritable bowel

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Tamsulosin: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Tamsulosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Tamsulosin is in a class of medications called alpha blockers.

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Ampicillin: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Ampicillin is used to treat certain infections that are caused by bacteria such as meningitis (infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord); and infections of the throat, sinuses, lungs, reproductive organs, urinary tract, and gastrointestinal tract. Ampicillin is …

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Acetaminophen: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Acetaminophen may also be used to relieve the pain of osteoarthritis (arthritis caused by the breakdown of the lining of the joints). Acetaminophen is in a class of medications called analgesics (pain relievers) and antipyretics (fever reducers). It works by changing …

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Ursodiol: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Ursodiol comes as a capsule and as a tablet to take by mouth. It is usually taken two or three times a day with or without food to treat gallstones and two times a day to prevent gallstones in people who are losing weight quickly. If you are taking the tablets to treat primary biliary cirrhosis, they are usually taken 2 or 4 times a day with food.

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Hydralazine: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Hydralazine is used to treat high blood pressure. Hydralazine is in a class of medications called vasodilators. It works by relaxing the blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily through the body. High blood pressure is a common condition and when not treated, can cause damage to the brain, heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other parts

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Stool Softeners: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Stool softeners come as a capsule, tablet, liquid, and syrup to take by mouth. A stool softener usually is taken at bedtime. Follow the directions on the package or your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand.

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Methenamine: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to methenamine, aspirin, tartrazine (a yellow dye in some processed foods and drugs), or any other drugs. tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, especially antacids, sulfamethizole, diuretics ('water pills'), and vitamins.

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Drugs beginning with B: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Baltussin HC ® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Hydrocodone, Phenylephrine) see Phenylephrine. Balversa ® see Erdafitinib. Balziva ® (as a combination product containing Ethinyl Estradiol, Norethindrone) see Estrogen and Progestin (Oral Contraceptives) Bamate ® …

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Neuropathy secondary to drugs: MedlinePlus Medical

Details: Neuropathy secondary to drugs. Neuropathy is injury to the peripheral nerves. These are nerves that are not in the brain or spinal cord. Neuropathy secondary to drugs is a loss of sensation or movement in a part of the body due to nerve damage from taking a certain medicine or combination of medicines.

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Hydrochlorothiazide: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Hydrochlorothiazide is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Hydrochlorothiazide is used to treat edema (fluid retention; excess fluid held in body tissues) caused by various medical problems, including heart, kidney, and liver disease and to treat edema caused by using certain medications including estrogen and corticosteroids.

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Drugs beginning with H: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Drugs: H. H.P. Acthar Gel ® see Corticotropin, Repository Injection. H-Tran ® see Chlordiazepoxide. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Vaccine. Halaven ® see Eribulin Injection. Halcinonide Topical. Halcion ® see Triazolam. Haldol ® see Haloperidol Injection. Haldol ® see Haloperidol.

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Tacrolimus: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Tacrolimus (Prograf) is also used along with other medications to prevent rejection in people who have received a liver, lung, or heart transplant. Tacrolimus is in a class of medications called immunosupressants. It works by decreasing the activity of the immune system to prevent it from attacking the transplanted organ.

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Drugs beginning with Q: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Drugs: Q. Q Tussin DM ® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin) see Guaifenesin. Q-gesic ® (as a combination product containing Aspirin, Meprobamate) see Meprobamate. Q-Tapp ® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine) see Brompheniramine. Q-Tussin ® see Guaifenesin. Qbrelis ® see

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Sodium Bicarbonate: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Sodium bicarbonate is an antacid used to relieve heartburn and acid indigestion. Your doctor also may prescribe sodium bicarbonate to make your blood or urine less acidic in certain conditions. This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

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Teenagers and drugs: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Details: Some teens turn to drugs to deal with situations such as moving, starting at a new school, puberty, or going through their parents' divorce. To ease pain and anxiety. Teens may use drugs to deal with problems with family, friends, school, mental health, or self-esteem. TALKING WITH YOUR TEEN ABOUT DRUGS.

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Cinacalcet: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Cinacalcet is used alone or with other medications to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism (a condition in which the body produces too much parathyroid hormone [a natural substance needed to control the amount of calcium in the blood] which can cause serious problems with the bones, heart, blood vessels, and lungs) in patients with chronic kidney disease (condition in which the kidneys stop

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Pain medications

Details: These drugs can be abused and habit-forming. Always take narcotics as prescribed. Your provider may suggest that you take your medicine only when you feel pain. Or, your provider may suggest taking a narcotic on a regular schedule. Allowing the medicine to wear off before taking more of it can make the pain difficult to control.

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Drug Reactions: MedlinePlus

Details: The drugs might not work, or you could get side effects. Side effects are unwanted effects caused by the drugs. Most are mild, such as a stomach aches or drowsiness, and go away after you stop taking the drug. Others can be more serious. Drug allergies are another type of …

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Famotidine: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Over-the-counter famotidine is used to prevent and treat heartburn due to acid indigestion and sour stomach caused by eating or drinking certain foods or drinks. Famotidine is in a class of medications called H 2 blockers. It works by decreasing the amount of acid made in the stomach.

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Drug-induced pulmonary disease: MedlinePlus Medical

Details: Drugs that cause the immune system to mistakenly attack and destroy healthy body tissue, such as drug-induced lupus erythematosus Granulomatous lung disease -- a type of inflammation in the lungs Inflammation of the lung air sacs (pneumonitis or infiltration)

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Potassium: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Expand Section. Potassium is essential for the proper functioning of the heart, kidneys, muscles, nerves, and digestive system. Usually the food you eat supplies all of the potassium you need. However, certain diseases (e.g., kidney disease and gastrointestinal disease with vomiting and diarrhea) and drugs, especially diuretics ('water pills

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Blood Thinners Anticoagulants MedlinePlus

Details: Antiplatelet drugs, such as aspirin, prevent blood cells called platelets from clumping together to form a clot. When you take a blood thinner, follow directions carefully. Blood thinners may interact with certain foods, medicines, vitamins, and alcohol. Make sure that your health care provider knows all of the medicines and supplements you are

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Drug Use Screening Tests: MedlinePlus Medical Test

Details: Drug abuse is a pattern of using drugs that can cause serious problems in your work, relationships, and health. Drug abuse can include taking illegal drugs or misusing legal drugs. Misuse means using the drugs for a nonmedical reason, such as getting high, or taking more than the prescribed dose.

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Prescription Drug Misuse: MedlinePlus

Details: Misusing some prescription drugs can lead to addiction. These include opioids, sedatives, tranquilizers, and stimulants. Every medicine has some risk of side effects. Doctors take this into account when prescribing medicines. People who misuse these drugs may not understand the risks.

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Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: MedlinePlus Medical Test

Details: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is testing that measures the amount of certain medicines in your blood. It is done to make sure the amount of medicine you are taking is both safe and effective. Most medicines can be dosed correctly without special testing. But for certain types of medicines, it can be hard to figure out a dose that provides

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Estrogen and Progestin (Hormone Replacement Therapy

Details: Combinations of estrogen and progestin are used to treat certain symptoms of menopause. Estrogen and progestin are two female sex hormones. Hormone replacement therapy works by replacing estrogen hormone that is no longer being made by the body. Estrogen reduces feelings of warmth in the upper body and periods of sweating and heat (hot flashes

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Proton pump inhibitors: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Details: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are medicines that work by reducing the amount of stomach acid made by glands in the lining of your stomach. Relieve symptoms of acid reflux, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This is a condition in which food or liquid moves up from the stomach to the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach).

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Lamivudine: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Lamivudine (Epivir) is used along with other medications to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in adults and children 3 months of age and older. Lamivudine (Epivir-HBV) is used to treat hepatitis B infection. Lamivudine is in a class of medications called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs).

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Polyethylene Glycol 3350: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Polyethylene glycol 3350 is used to treat occasional constipation. Polyethylene glycol 3350 is in a class of medications called osmotic laxatives. It works by causing water to be retained with the stool. This increases the number of bowel movements and softens the stool so it is easier to pass.

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Sumatriptan Injection: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Details: Sumatriptan injection comes as a solution (liquid) to inject subcutaneously (just under your skin). It is usually used at the first sign of a migraine headache. If your symptoms improve after you use sumatriptan but return after 1 hour or longer, you may use a second dose of sumatriptan. However, if your symptoms do not improve after you use

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Pain Relievers: MedlinePlus

Details: There are two main types of OTC pain medicines: acetaminophen (Tylenol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Aspirin, naproxen (Aleve), and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) are examples of OTC NSAIDs. If OTC medicines don't relieve your pain, your doctor may prescribe something stronger.

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Drug-induced thrombocytopenia: MedlinePlus Medical

Details: Drug-induced thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia is any disorder in which there are not enough platelets. Platelets are cells in the blood that help the blood clot. A low platelet count makes bleeding more likely. When medicines or drugs are the causes of a low platelet count, it is called drug-induced thrombocytopenia.

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What is pharmacogenomics

Details: Pharmacogenomics is the study of how genes affect a person’s response to drugs. This relatively new field combines pharmacology (the science of drugs) and genomics (the study of genes and their functions) to develop effective, safe medications and doses that …

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Hormone therapy for prostate cancer: MedlinePlus Medical

Details: Three drugs help to stop the body from making androgens from tissue other than the testicles. Two medicines, ketoconazole (Nizoral) and aminoglutethimide (Cytradren), treat other diseases but are sometimes used to treat prostate cancer. The third, abiraterone (Zytiga) treats advanced prostate cancer that has spread to other places in the body.

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Cannabidiol (CBD): MedlinePlus Supplements

Details: Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical in the Cannabis sativa plant, also known as cannabis or hemp. One specific form of CBD is approved as a drug in the U.S. for seizure. Over 80 chemicals, known as cannabinoids, have been found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most famous ingredient in cannabis.

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