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Drug Classes and Medication Classification

Details: Drugs are classified for safety and effectiveness reasons. It helps limit side effects, predict your response to it, and choose a replacement drug when one doesn't work. You shouldn't take multiple drugs from a single class or that affect the same organ system. Some classes of drugs shouldn't be used together.

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Categories of Lifestyle Drugs

Details: Ethics of Lifestyle Drugs . Development of lifestyle drugs by pharmaceutical companies can be very profitable. The enormous success of erectile dysfunction drugs is an example. But pharmaceutical companies use research money and the talents of researchers that could be used in developing therapeutic drugs.

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Safely and Legally Buying Drugs From Online Pharmacies

Details: How to Order Drugs Legally and Safely From an Internet Drug Store First, determine whether pricing is an important issue for you. If you have insurance, you may be able to use your insurance to purchase your drugs online, but your cost will probably be exactly the same at any pharmacy since the cost is a co-pay that is determined by your

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Common Medications Before, During, and After Surgery

Details: The drugs commonly used before, during, and after surgical procedures vary widely from patient to patient. This is because the specific drugs you receive are based on the type of surgery you are having, the anesthesia you will be undergoing, and any underlying health problems you have.

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Prescription Drugs for Cholesterol and Triglycerides

Details: The effect of these drugs is a therapeutic reduction of bad cholesterol. PCSK9 inhibitors, which are administered once or twice per month by injection and can be used in combination with other lipid-lowering medications, can drive LDL cholesterol to very low levels.

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Paralytic Drugs Are Medications Given During Anesthesia

Details: Paralytic drugs temporarily interfere with the messages that nerves send to the skeletal muscles of the body. The skeletal muscles are those that control movements of the face, arms, legs, back, and trunk. The muscles of the diaphragm, which help expand the lungs, are also paralyzed by these medications. While under the effect of a

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Over-the-Counter Cold and Flu Medications

Details: Always read the ingredients list. Make sure the product only includes drugs that treat symptoms you have. Don't take other medications or you could risk an accidental overdose or drug interactions. For example, if a medicine contains acetaminophen, don't also take Tylenol, Midol, or Excedrin, which also contain acetaminophen.

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Brand Name Drugs Commonly Prescribed in Urology

Details: The drugs are categorized by their uses and mechanism of action. Musketeer/Getty Images. The most commonly prescribed drug classes in urology include: Alpha-blockers: Work by relaxing muscles at the bladder neck to improve urinary flow;

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JAK Inhibitors: Uses, Drug Options, and Side Effects

Details: Jakafi. Rinvoq. Drugs in the Pipeline. Possible Side Effects. Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors are a group of medications that inhibit activity and response of one or more of the Janus kinase enzymes (JAK1, JAK2, JAK3, and TYK2). These enzymes normally promote inflammation and autoimmunity.

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How to Stock First Aid Kit Medications

Details: Drugs are so common that we sometimes don't even realize when we're using them. For example, topical drugs like antibiotic ointment and bee sting swabs are often included in first aid kits. These topical treatments are medications, but they often do not have the same ethical dilemma as oral medications.

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How to Identify Unknown Drugs and Pills

Details: By taking an unknown pill, you are running the risk of drug interactions, complications of medical conditions you have, and counterfeit drugs that are not regulated. The FDA is a great resource for advice about safely taking medications.

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30 Top-Selling Over-the-Counter (OTC) Drugs in the US

Details: Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are a huge business for the pharmaceutical industry in the United States, accounting for over $35 billion in gross revenues in 2018. 1 Despite having lower per-unit costs, OTC drugs often surpass prescription drugs in terms of annual sales. OTC drugs include those you can buy off the drugstore, grocery store, or

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Prescription Drug Insurance

Details: Prescription drugs are covered with Medicaid in every state, with recipients paying either a small copay or nothing. However, people who are dual-eligible for Medicaid and Medicare receive prescription drug coverage through Medicare Part D.   Medicare offers an Extra Help program , which pays the premium and most of the cost-sharing for

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List of FDA-Approved Hepatitis C Drugs

Details: These newer drugs not only offered fewer side effects, but they also reduced the course of therapy by as much as three months. With cure rates now exceeding 95 percent in many cases,   the only real challenge is how to expand access to the 130 to 150 million people chronically infected with hepatitis C …

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Drug and Medication Side Effects

Details: A side effect that occurs in one percent or more of people taking a specific medication is considered by medical researchers to be caused by that medication. Examples of common drug side effects include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, dizziness, dry mouth, headache, itching, and muscle aches and pains. Some side effects may be severe and require

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Buying Prescription Drugs in Mexico

Details: You are allowed to bring prescription medications approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) from Mexico into the United States for your personal use. But there is a limit. In general, you may bring up to 50 dosage units into the U.S. without a prescription. 1. You must state, in writing, that the medication is for your personal use.

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Prescription Anti-Inflammatory Medications: Uses, Side Effects

Details: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the most prescribed medications for treating arthritis, gout, and osteoarthritis. They are also used to treat headaches, aches and pains, and menstrual cramps. 1. NSAIDs work very specifically to help reduce pain and fever. NSAIDs block an enzyme called cyclooxygenase (or COX) used by the body to make

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Mucolytics: Uses, Side Effects, Dosages, Precautions

Details: Dosage. Side Effects. Mucolytics are a class of drugs used to help break up and thin mucus, making it easier to clear from the airways. They are used to treat respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis, and other conditions including common colds marked by excess mucus and a productive cough. 1.

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The Latest Diabetes Drugs on the Market

Details: If you are on any of these medications, you should be aware of any warnings associated with these drugs. It can be confusing knowing what medication is the right one for you. If you think you may want to switch medications to manage type 1 or type 2 diabetes, have a discussion with your healthcare provider.

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Anxiolytics: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Precautions

Details: Recently, the FDA announced that they would update warnings on benzodiazepine drugs to include a boxed warning. It’s a prominent warning that will clearly outline the risks of addiction and abuse, along with severe withdrawal reactions of these drugs.

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Medications Used to Treat Cardiac Arrhythmias

Details: Commonly used antiarrhythmic drugs include amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone), sotalol (Betapace), propafenone (Rhythmol), and dronedarone (Multaq). Amiodarone is the by far most effective antiarrhythmic drug and is also less likely to cause proarrhythmia than other drugs. Unfortunately, the other kinds of toxicities seen with amiodarone can be

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Antidiarrheal Medications and When They Might Be Used

Details: An antidiarrheal is a drug that is used to slow down or stop loose stools ( diarrhea ). Over-the-counter antidiarrheal medications are found in most drug stores or pharmacies or they can be prescribed by a physician. Antidiarrheals are used for acute, non-life-threatening situations, such as viral gastroenteritis.

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What Is a Drug Formulary and Tier Pricing

Details: These drugs will cost you a higher co-pay than the lower tiers. Tier 4 or Tier IV, also called specialty drugs: These are usually newly approved pharmaceutical drugs that your payer wants to discourage because of their expense. Tier IV is a newer designation, first used in 2009.

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Tocolytics: Types, Importance, and Side Effects

Details: Drugs in the class: Indomethacin, sulindac, celecoxib. Major side effects: Maternal gastrointestinal disturbance, oligohydramnios (too little amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus during pregnancy), premature constriction of the ductus.

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Drugs Used to Treat Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Details: Diabetes drugs are commonly used to treat insulin resistance in women with PCOS, the options of which include: 6. Glucophage (metformin), the first-line oral drug of choice that can control diabetes while promoting weight loss. Actos (pioglitazone), an oral drug used to reduce high blood sugar. Avandia (rosiglitazone), an oral drug of the same

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GERD Medication: Types, Uses, Side Effects, and More

Details: OTC vs. Prescription Drugs . Many of the medications for GERD began as prescription-only drugs before being made available over the counter. This speaks to the high prevalence of indigestion and heartburn and the need for people to treat these conditions quickly and easily.

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Knee Pain Treatment: Medications

Details: Several different types of medications, both over-the-counter and prescription drugs, can be used to manage knee pain. They can be administered orally by taking a pill, topically by applying the medication to the skin, or intra-articularly by being injected directly into the knee joint.

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Schizophrenia Medications: Types and Side Effects

Details: Missed periods. Muscle stiffness or spasms. Tardive dyskinesia (TD) A new medication, Caplyta (lumateperone), has recently been given FDA approval for use in the treatment of schizophrenia. According to the manufacturers, it interacts with the brain chemicals dopamine, serotonin, and glutamate. 4 …

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Penicillins: Uses, Side Effects, Dosages, Precautions

Details: The drugs are generally active against gram-positive bacteria, a group of bacteria that has peptidoglycan on the outside of the cell wall. With gram-negative bacteria, the peptidoglycan layer is buried beneath a layer of lipid cells, making it harder for the drug to access the molecule.

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List of Approved Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating HIV/AIDS

Details: The drugs are organized into six different classes based largely on the stage of the life cycle they inhibit. As of 2021, the Food and Drug Administration has granted approval to 26 individual drug agents and 22 fixed-dosed combination (FDC) drugs comprised of two or more antiretrovirals.

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An Overview of the Medications Used to Treat IBS

Details: It is only considered appropriate for women under 65 who haven't been helped by other drugs. Ibsrela (tenapanor) Ibsrela (tenapanor) is an IBS-C drug that gained FDA approval in 2019. It increases the amount of sodium in the digestive tract, which increases the amount of water in the large intestine and softens stools. The ACG recommendations

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FDA-Approved Prescription Medications to Prevent Migraine

Details: The specific anti-seizure drugs that have FDA approval for migraine prophylaxis are: Depakote, Depakote ER (divalproex) Topamax, Qudexy XR, and Trokendi XR (topiramate) As with the FDA-approved beta-blockers, these two anticonvulsants are listed as Level A medications for preventing migraines. In order to reduce the risk of side effects, most

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The Effects of Medications on the Stomach

Details: Anticholinergic Drugs: These medications are used to treat depression, sleep disorders, and incontinence. Some of the drugs included are Benadryl (diphenhydramine), tricyclic antidepressants, barbiturates, muscle relaxants, and benzodiazepines.

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Immunosuppressants: Uses, Side Effects, Precautions

Details: Side Effects/Risks of Immunosuppressants. Immunosuppressants include a wide variety of therapies, and each specific treatment carries its own particular risk of side effects. Often such side effects are not a big deal, such as mild stomach discomfort. But more serious side effects might also be possible, depending on the therapy involved.

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Treatment Regimen and Side Effects of ABVD Chemotherapy

Details: The drugs used in this regimen (combination of drugs) include: Adriamycin (doxorubicin) – given as an infusion in your veins on days 1 and 15. Blenoxane (bleomycin) – given as a short intravenous injection on days 1 and 15.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain Medications: Types, Dosage, More

Details: Corticosteroid drugs are not the same as anabolic steroid drugs that are sometimes abused by athletes. Anabolic steroids are synthetic versions of male sex hormones and are often used to treat conditions that cause abnormally low testosterone levels.

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Biguanides: Uses, Side Effects, Dosages, Precautions

Details: Uses. Before Taking. Dosage. Side Effects. Warnings and Interactions. Biguanides are a class of medications used to treat type 2 diabetes and other conditions. They work by reducing the production of glucose that occurs during digestion. Metformin is the only biguanide currently available in most countries for treating diabetes t.

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Cytotoxic: Definition, Agents, Effects, and Precautions

Details: Cytotoxic drugs work by interrupting cells at particular places in the growth cycle.   They are most likely to affect cells that are growing rapidly, for example, cancer cells, hair follicles, bone marrow, and cells lining the stomach and intestines.

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Biologics: Types, Treatable Conditions, Mechanisms, Side

Details: These drugs affect multiple different parts of a person’s immune system. By contrast, biologic therapies for rheumatoid arthritis have very specific targets (such as blocking a specific receptor for a targeted immune molecule). This decreases the likelihood of certain side effects, although others are still a potential risk.  

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What Are Antiretrovirals and How Do They Work

Details: Once new viral particles are released, the cycle starts anew. Antiretroviral drugs work by blocking different stages of this cycle. When used in combination, they function as a biochemical tag team—one that is able to suppress the multitude of viral mutations that can exist within a single HIV population.

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What's an Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API)

Details: All drugs are made up of two core components—the API, which is the central ingredient, and the excipient, the substances other than the drug that help deliver the medication to your system. Excipients are chemically inactive substances, such as lactose or mineral oil in the pill.

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Difference Between Drug Dose and Dosage

Details: By contrast, the dosage is the prescribed administration of a specific amount, number, and frequency of doses over a specific period of time. In other words, a dose is simply an amount (think weight) of a medication that is administered at one specific time. Whereas, the dosage is the dose, or amount of drug, attached to a time-frequency.

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6 Medications Hepatitis C Patients Should Avoid

Details: Ibuprofen. The active ingredient in a whole host of well-known over-the-counter drugs such as Aspirin, Advil, Ibuprofen IB, Caldolor, and others, ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used for pain relief. Though often a go-to when there are pain problems, this drug can cause problems.

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Different Generations of Cephalosporin Medication

Details: Cefepime is the only available (FDA-approved) fourth-generation cephalosporin. Like the third-generation cephalosporin ceftazidime, cefepime is active against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Furthermore, cefepime is more active against Enterobacter and Citrobacterr bacteria. Finally, cefepime has gram-positive coverage comparable with ceftriaxone.

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The 5 Main Classes of Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs

Details: The five main classes of drugs used for RA—DMARDs, corticosteroids, biologics, NSAIDs, and analgesics—each play a different role. Some of these arthritis medications only relieve pain, some stop inflammation, and others address the disease process to prevent a flare-up of symptoms and halt disease progression . Tetra Images / Getty Images.

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Medication-Induced Lupus Symptoms and Treatment

Details: David Ozeri, MD, is a board-certified rheumatologist from Tel Aviv, Israel specializing in arthritis, autoimmune diseases, and biologic therapies. Drug-induced lupus (DIL) is a rare autoimmune condition caused by a reaction to certain drugs. There are an estimated 15,000 to 30,000 cases of drug

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Thyroid Disease Medications: Types and Their Uses

Details: Some of these drugs have been used to treat advanced or resistant thyroid cancer. Nexavar (sorafenib) and Lenvima (lenvatinib) are two targeted therapies — kinase inhibitors that work partially by blocking thyroid cancers from growing and making new blood vessels. …

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